The Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes


If we follow a Mediterranean diet with the addition of nuts (such as pine nuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, etc.) or raw olive oil, we can reduce cardiovascular risk and diabetes.

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THE PRELIMINARY SURVEY (Prevention with a Mediterranean diet), the results of which have been published in the journal “Archive of internal diseases“From the United States, it shows.

Scientists from the human nutrition team of Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at the University of Rovira and Virgil (URV) and today they presented it to the press in Tarragona.

This study, which lasted 5 years, was conducted with more than 7,000 participants from different parts of Spain, trying to prove that Mediterranean diet I can to prevent on cardiovascular disease in older people at high risk of suffering from them.
After a one-year follow-up, the first 1,200 participants in the project evaluated the effect of the various diets used on the metabolic syndrome, a conglomeration of changes associated with abdominal obesity that increase the risk of diabetes or cardiovascular disease.

The results of this follow-up were encouraging, the volunteers who follow Recommendations for the Mediterranean diet “Improve cholesterol levels, blood pressure, blood glucose and inflammation, and also show a greater increase in good blood cholesterol” compared to participants who follow current dietary recommendations (such as low fat) for cardiovascular prevention.

In this sense, the study shows that “among those individuals who showed a metabolic syndrome at the beginning of the study, those who were attributed to a Mediterranean diet improved more, especially those who received a supplement from 30 grams of nuts and, to a lesser extent, those who have received raw olive oil.

On the other hand, in those individuals who did not show metabolic syndrome at the start of the study, those who followed the “Mediterranean diet” recommendations tended to develop this syndrome less than those who did not follow a low-Mediterranean diet. of fat.

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These results are in addition to existing ones that “praise” the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet. Diet that is offered Intangible cultural heritage of humanity of UNESCO.

The Mediterranean diet It is characterized by being rich in vegetables, fish and healthy fats, such as olive oil and low in other foods such as red meat and alcohol.



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