There is so much talk about the benefits of the Mediterranean diet that now comes a study by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), prepared over forty years, to say that we are little more than “Killing”.
According to this report by FAO economist Josef Schmidhuber, the growing prosperity of the study in the 1940s (1962-2002), the population of Southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, is favored by the Mediterranean diet based on fresh fruit and vegetables, has been replaced by “another similar”, composed of foods rich in fats, salts and sugars.
In fact, daily calorie intake in Europe during this period increased by 20% and increased from 2960 to 3340 kilocalories. However, in Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Cyprus and Malta, which were initially poorer countries than their northern neighbors, the increase in calorie consumption was 30%.
This has caused, for example, that today Greece is the country in the European Union with the highest average body mass index (BMI) and has the highest rate of overweight and obesity.
In addition, more than half of Italians, Spaniards and Portuguese are equally overweight, perhaps due to this noticeable increase in calories or perhaps due to the “awakening” of old Europe to the welfare state.
Faced with this “sudden” increase in obesity, the FAO and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend that lipids not exceed 30% of total dietary energy intake, although this has already become low in Greece, Italy and Spain, as fats make up 40% of the diet of its population.
The country with the largest increase is Spain, where fat accounted for only 25% of the diet four decades ago and now accounts for 40%. This is due, according to Schmidhuber, to the higher income per capita, but also to factors such as the development of supermarkets, changes in food distribution systems, the fact that working women have less time to spend in the kitchen and the habit of eating more often outside the home, often in fast food restaurants.
I remember that when I was little, small costumes came into the house when we were sick and now our children eat two after each meal and so in almost everything we did not have before or wanted now, we stayed and what is more – bad, a lot Sometimes we throw it away
Although at that time (1980-90) we were almost always on the street, in the parks, playing with friends, walking with our parents in the field, but now the same caloric needs have decreased as people do less exercise, are more -Saturated and eat a lot more calories.
However, and perhaps motivated by this “deterioration”, a year ago Spain sought the support of the European Union to propose that the Mediterranean diet be included as an intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO humanity, based on its “ancient tradition” as an alternative. to combat health problems such as obesity or coronary heart disease, but it seems to be a proposal of the type “do what I tell you, but not what I do“.
This is not only health for our society, but also health for our economy, because if we do not consume the foods typical of this diet, such as cereals, wines, etc., it will affect the state treasury.
But not all is negative, but positive, the report shows that the Mediterranean population now consumes more fruits, vegetables and olive oil.
Hopefully, our President Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero does not like his Japanese counterpart, who approved obesity control rules from residents of the Japanese side, which establishes maximum values of the waist, 89’9 centimeters for women and 85 centimeters for men as a maximum in the abdominal perimeter.
Although now that I think about it, they have already warned us to tighten our belts. Is it because of the crisis or because of our Mediterranean diet?
Thanks for reading.
David from 55000 Recipes